In this short video, Roelof Kramer explains how EcoProMIS can be used freely by growers of oil palm and rice in Colombia.
In this video Eduard explains how EcoProMIS uses AI to benefit with growers we work with.
by Carlos Torres, Senior Consultant, IWCO
Information Workers, or IWCO, is an important technical partner working on the EcoProMIS project led by Agricompas.
A Colombian company with 10 years of experience, IWCO is focused on helping its clients get the most and the best value from their data by turning it into information that allows them to make decisions in the short, medium, and long term.
This value comes from four fundamental areas in the process of data harnessing: exploration, extraction, refinement, and consumption of data.
This phase is designed to understand the types of data, their characteristics, where they are located and their potential value, additionally, the identification of business needs that can be solved with data.
During the extraction process, we help our clients (such as the EcoProMIS project) to take their data, put it into a structured format that can be simple to use and that enables our clients to immediately create on-demand queries to get answers to their business questions.
Once the data is in a structured format, we help our clients design and create models to predict, understand, and even extract hidden patterns in the data.
Business users such as Agricompas and Pixalytics are extremely important, that is why we care about helping them consume their data models – information that can now be prepared for analysis. Through knowledge transfer processes we enable our clients to obtain answers to their strategic questions.
Information Workers is a Microsoft, AWS (Amazon), and Google Partner. With broad experience and a process focused on culture, we have an emphasis on helping organisations to operate in the world of self-service.
We have a multidisciplinary team that includes Mathematicians, Statisticians, Economists, Software Engineers, Systems Engineers, and even Petroleum Engineers (!). This diversity means that our team is able to bring our customers’ different professional perspectives, something that has helped us contribute value in the EcoProMIS consortium of seven international partners.
Together with Agricompas, we created a plan designed to resolve some of the challenges for the EcoProMIS project, namely how we acquire, store, manage, and secure the agricultural analytics data.
After developing this plan, it was essential to choose a platform aligned with these necessities pragmatically, and allow us to obtain results in a short period. Another important step was to identify the sources of big data for the project, for example publicly available data (e.g. earth observation images from UKSA), streaming data from different sensors like weather stations, and data from legacy databases.
As we engaged with all of this data, it became obvious that we could not process this multivariate data using traditional methods. The data from the EcoProMIS project is clearly in the realm of big data, complying with the three ‘V’s:
Volume: EcoProMIS has collected a lot of data from different sources.
Velocity: The various data streams are handled within different timeframes from the different sensors.
Variety: All types of formats – from structured to unstructured.
Another key step in our contribution to the project was to find a way to access, manage, and store the data. We needed to find a data platform that can support the storage and the capabilities of analysing petabyte-size files and trillions of objects.
Equally important was prioritising security and data protection, making sure the database is GDPR-compliant, and that data is securely stored. Linked to this is our role in providing data auditing and ongoing support.
Big data in the agro-industry plays an important role. With such a large amount of information out there, the data needs to be shaped or tested in a way that adds value to the agro-industry.
By doing so, the agro-industry can better identify problems and reach the goal of sustainable optimisation that is at the heart of the EcoProMIS project.
By Elizabeth Sweitzer, CIAT
In early December 2020, the EcoProMIS project partners presented workshops to update the status of the project with rice growers across two major regions in Colombia. These workshops were an opportunity to share about EcoProMIS news and technical developments and to get critical feedback from growers about their perceptions.
There were around 16 growers present across the two regions for these events. Our workshops were presented by Gabriel Garces of Fedearroz, although this was a team effort together Agricompas, CIAT, and Solidaridad.
Update of the project and timeline
During the workshops, Gabriel explained the progress of the project from December 2017 until present day. The growers were informed that current tasks include calibrating the advanced knowledge services, testing the technical systems, and getting everything ready so that the platform can be successfully delivery to growers and to the insurance market.
Four app features
Gabriel went on to describe the four major services on the EcoProMIS platform. The first of these is the visualisation and management of information, where farmers will have a user-friendly interface to assess their best strategies for sustainable optimisation.
Secondly, the platform will provide output predictions based on climate, farm management practices, and data collected on crops. This has been designed with growers and their rice federation, as explained in this blog here.
Thirdly, the EcoProMIS app provides comparative charts to assess a grower’s land in contrast with other land in their area as well as providing a historical comparison. This feature allows growers to benchmark their productivity and will lead to exploring better management practices.
Finally, the workshop showcased crop diagnostics, based on geo-referenced data. With funding from the UK Space Agency, one of our project priorities is to commercialise applicable services from satellite data. Gabriel explained that each field is regularly photographed by satellites and that our platform can take those images to help improve farm productivity.
The workshops also took the opportunity to explain that at a later date the project will also be contributing information and discussing insurance schemes with farmers, using anonymous (GDPR-compliant) data to lower premiums and close the ‘insurance gap‘.
Gabriel went on to explain more about how scientists collect geospatial data, and how those data points are turned into tangible information about the health of crops, making estimations about the phenotyping stage of the crops, and more!
Gabriel emphasised that the platform will be totally free for growers. He showed helpful visualisations of what the platform will look like for growers. A couple of screenshots are attached, in Spanish, to this blog.
Initial impressions and next steps
The growers present at the workshop were enthusiastic about the power of the app’s knowledge services. In particular, growers expressed interest in the ability to estimate growth and output and the ability to plan for different scenarios, for example, based on the use of different seeds, fertilisers etc.
Growers were also curious to learn more about how the science works. For example, they wondered how does the app calculate output when we consider how variable the weather is with global climate change and phenomena like the recent La Niña? We spoke more about how the app handles this type of data variability, how we develop metrics, measurements and more.
The next steps are to upscale these workshops and deliver more in January and February of 2021. These new workshops will be based off of the workshops we gave in December 2020, incorporating the initial attendee feedback so that the workshops are even more accessible and informative to growers.
By Nicolás González, Business Development Manager
The world is changing. Every day we see how new technologies are being developed and many of us may have come to dread the idea of being displaced by a machine. But that is not the way of things. Technology is meant to make our lives easier, and we believe that the coexistence between traditional methods and newly developed ones is possible, if not meant to be.
In recent years, agricultural data analytics has become one of the top edge tendencies in terms of sustainable development globally. This means that there is a lot of research and a lot of projects currently trying to understand agricultural dynamics and how to use information in order to optimise processes and achieve sustainable objectives.
Although this is a very beautiful statement, the reality growers are facing on a daily basis, and how this information is to be gathered, processed and used, represents a huge challenge not only for farmers but for the whole agricultural value-chain.
Agriculture in LMIC countries still relies on manual labor. The culture of innovation, technology, insurance, good financial practices and data analytics is still in a juvenile stage.
Nevertheless, governments and private capital are incentivising fast growth through technology and new services are becoming more common every day.
Innovation and Market Growth
For Agricompas, a data analytics company, innovation is the only way to break through such barriers and use knowledge to evolve the growing market. This is our main drive, our oxygen and our compass. As Harvard Business Review’s article: Breaking down the barriers to innovation states:
“To us, innovation doesn’t mean mere inventiveness. In our work we define it as: something different that creates value.”
As we work with our Colombian partners on agricultural big-data, we face the challenge of gathering, processing and delivering useful information in the context of market needs and opportunities. By doing this, we look to make our EcoProMIS platform a value generator for growers, governments, and financial and insurance institutions.
Analytics for Decision Support
In order to capture what really drives the agricultural market in terms of financial services, risk management and productivity optimisation, our innovation process aims to understand the market and develop tailored solutions that make the decision-making process more efficient, thus giving business intelligence the recognition and merit it deserves for the immense toolkit it provides us with.
We believe that by bringing sustainable agriculture into the digital era, better conditions for growers may be achieved. We believe that when real value is generated it can also be garnered.
We believe that corporate institutions can see a benefit as well, using high quality information and business intelligence, improving their margins, creating new delivery methods, enhancing R&D and, finally, increasing sales.
With the richness of precise, accurate and relevant information, we enable an increase to the market size of agro insurance and provide the much-needed agronomic crop management data that is necessary for a new and creative product development ecosystem.
The world is changing. And so are we. Breaking through the barriers of convention, we have come to innovate and leave the world in better shape than how we found it. We believe that a new era for sustainable agriculture and analytics has come at last.
By Jorge Torres-León, José Monsalve, Cristian Angarita from Cenipalma
Over the past few decades, huge growth has been shown in geospatial technology applications in different fields worldwide. As for projects in agriculture, there has been a considerable increase in the use of images provided to us by earth observation satellites. These images allow us to obtain a top-down view of very large areas, to analyse the terrain, and to have better data for decision making.
Like all technology, the use of satellite images has both advantages and disadvantages. Although it is possible to have good quality images of almost any location on the planet, its most noticeable disadvantage is that since the sensor is inside a satellite orbiting at very high altitudes, it captures the clouds, thus creating a ‘mask’ above the objects requiring observation. Colombia, being in a tropical area, has a very high density of clouds most of the time, making this a frequent difficulty.
This is where we find the importance and efficiency of using other technology, namely unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or drones), since they operate at lower altitudes. As regulated by the Colombian Aeronautics Authority, all UAV flights that we conduct are below 150m and thus drones flying over oil palm crops are able to capture very high resolution images free of clouds.
Drone flights support farmers with decision making
Equipped with multispectral and thermal sensors, our UAVs have collected images in oil palm plantations in different areas of Colombia. Regular flights means that the EcoProMIS project is able to achieve continuous monitoring and comparison of the development of the plants. Different phenological (growth) stages of the crop are observed, including the unproductive, stabilisation, and productive phases.
Through multispectral images, such as those seen below, it is possible to perform calculations using the spectral bands being captured by the sensors. One approach we use is the vegetation index, in which it is possible to remotely detect the status of individual plants in terms of growth, pest infestation, water stress, flooded areas, nutritional deficiencies, systemic diseases, etc.
For the agricultural sector, this type of information is extremely important. The EcoProMIS platform sends such information directly to the grower’s mobile phone, and this near real time data allows farmers to take preventive measures to support crop performance.
Another technique we use is with images acquired by the thermal sensor on the drones, which provide information on the temperature of each of the surfaces within the study area. Using this technology, a farmer can pinpoint problems associated with disease and water stress. The acquisition of spectral images can be scheduled on a daily basis to quickly identify and quantify unhealthy plants, such as those suffering from chlorosis. Early identification allows farmers to make decisions in a timely manner so as to protect their crops and yields.
Connected weather stations
Digitally-connected weather stations are another form of high-tech equipment being used by the EcoProMIS project to support farmers. These have been installed in experimental plots and offer the advantage of knowing in real time the climatic conditions such as rain, temperature, humidity, etc.
It is essential to combine data collected by the weather stations with the data from drone images and oil palm models, as almost 70% of the crop performance can be explained by the surrounding climatic conditions.
Greenhouse gas data
Currently, our project collects GHG data through eddy covariance towers in two different palm regions in the country. This system allows us to quantify the CO2 (carbon dioxide) that is absorbed by the oil palm during its photosynthetic process as well as the emissions of greenhouse gases such as CO2, methane and even water vapor. Through these measurements it is also possible to calculate in detail the evaporation of the ecosystem.
These high-tech systems allow more precise readings of environmental variables, such as relative humidity, atmospheric temperature, direction and wind speed, precipitation, etc. All these variables are of critical importance in establishing the influence of weather conditions on the development of oil palm cultivation as well as the effect the crop itself has on the environment.
By combining the data from satellites, drones, weather stations, and GHG towers we have a rich and detailed understanding of each farm. When this data is turned into knowledge services (such as yield-prediction) and delivered through a mobile dashboard, growers are supported so that they can make rapid and intelligent decisions in their farm management.
As we at Cenipalma work together with the other project partners in Colombia (CIAT, Fedearroz, IWCO, Solidaridad) and in the UK (Agricompas, Pixalytics) we are contributing to a high-tech digital platform that will be a great ally to oil palm cultivation.